The Tragic iPad

The iPad is 10, and while it remains a useful device, it is ultimately a disappointment. Apple lost the vision for what the iPad could be, and never gave space for developers to figure it out for them.

Portability and Interoperability

Data portability is friendly to consumers, but it has very little to do with encouraging competition, at least relative to interoperability.

Integration and Monopoly

Apple has won through integration, but integration combined with network effects and economies of scale can result in bad outcomes that look a lot like monopolies.